Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence exhibited by machines. In computer science, an ideal "intelligent" machine is a flexible rational agent that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem solving". As machines become increasingly capable, mental facilities once thought to require intelligence are removed from the definition. For example, optical character recognition is no longer perceived as an exemplar of "artificial intelligence", having become a routine technology. Capabilities currently classified as AI include successfully understanding human speech, competing at a high level in strategic game systems, self-driving cars, and interpreting complex data. Some people also consider AI a danger to humanity if it progresses unabatedly.

Callum Sinclair and Grant McGregor's thoughful view on  technology in the legal profession.

Disruptive technology.  It may sound more from the realm of cyber crime and hackers, but it is precisely this kind of technology which is shaping our culture and transforming the world around us.  

Photograph of Callum Sinclair who along with grant McGregor authored the articles on Disruptive tecnologies in the legal profession

Graduate Series: An Interview with Heriot-Watt student Angus Addlesee

Angus has a BSc (Hons) in Mathematics at Heriot-Watt University & is now completing an MSc in Artificial Intelligence with Speech and Multimodal Interaction.

Hi Jordan, thank you for inviting me to chat about AI. I am currently studying an MSc in Artificial Intelligence and prior to this I completed a BSc in Mathematics. During various internships I have created optimisation algorithms for Tipico, the leading sports betting company in the German market, and worked on data analysis with a financial syndication platform in London.

Angus Addlesee Heriot-Watt University

Intelligent Problem Solving with Dr Neil Urquhart of Edinburgh Napier

Dr Neil Urquhart is a lecturer at Edinburgh Napier University in the field of AI, and he was kind enough to share one of his fantastic articles on the subject.

Many real-world scheduling and routing problems are difficult to solve, for a long time AI techniques worked towards simply finding a feasible solution. It was enough to build a plan for scheduling a production process, organising a set of deliveries or rostering staff, producing an error free plan represented a significant challenge. In many cases such an automated plan might well not be as useful as the plan produced by an experienced supervisor who has an intimate understanding of the business process

Image of Dr Neil Urquhart author oft the article Intelligent Problem Solving

The Rise of Artificial Intelligence in Law

Since their founding Law in Order has been a leading supplier of document & digital solutions for the Australian legal industry.

In the film ‘Back to the Future II’, Doc Brown tells our hero Marty McFly: “the justice system works swiftly in the future now that they've abolished all lawyers.” Doc was referencing an imagined 2015, but in 2016 lawyers are far from being abolished. The legal profession, traditionally slow to embrace technology, is now at least partly embracing the opportunities associated with algorithm driven computer technology. At either end of the opinion spectrum there are two main schools of thought: 1) AI spells the end of the legal profession versus 2) AI provides the profession with opportunities it should embrace.

Changing Customer Relations with AI: An Interview with Re:Infer

Next up we have an interview with Re:Infer, a London based company changing the way customer feedback is sourced and actioned by using artificial intelligence.

re:infer is a spin out from the machine learning research group at University College London. We met each other through David Barber a lecturer in machine learning at UCL. I [Ed] did my PhD with David, that’s where I met Marius who started his PhD with David a few years later.

Image courtesy of RE:Infer fr Company Connecting article

Artificial Intelligence and Related Skills Infographic

Using Company Connecting data to create an infographic of AI companies in the UK